Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio: Definition & Examples

Receivables Turnover Ratio – Definition

Looking at the two ratios, it is evident to John that the business was more efficient in collecting revenue during the year just ended compared to the past year. The accounts receivable turnover ratio, which is also known as the debtor’s turnover ratio, is a simple calculation that is used to measure how effective your company is at collecting accounts receivable .

Receivables Turnover Ratio – Definition

For example, assume annual credit sales are $10,000, accounts receivable at the beginning is $2,500, and accounts receivable at the end of the year is $1,500. Every company is different, and not all of them will conduct a significant portion of their sales on credit. When they do, it’s important to understand how effective they are at managing their customers’ credit. A company that better manages the credit it extends may be a better choice for investors. The denominator of the ratio is accounts receivable, which can be found on the balance sheet. Determine your net credit sales – Your net credit sales are all the sales that you made throughout the year that were made on credit. If you’re struggling, you should be able to find your net credit sales on your balance sheet.

accounts receivable turnover ratio definition

However, an undue focus on the asset turnover measurement can also drive managers to strip assets out of a business, to the extent that it has less capacity to deal with surges in customer demand. An asset turnover ratio measures the efficiency of a company’s use of its assets to generate revenue. The accounts receivables ratio, on the other hand, measures a company’s efficiency in collecting money owed to it by customers. Now we can use the Maria’s receivable turnover ratio to calculate its average collection period ratio which would reveal the average number of days the company takes to collect a credit sale. We can do so by dividing the number of days in a year by the receivables turnover ratio. The numerator of the accounts receivable turnover ratio is net credit sales, the amount of revenue earned by a company paid via credit.

Receivables Turnover Ratio – Definition

Likewise, if you have a higher number of payment collections, you’ll have a higher ratio. Now that you have these two values, you can apply the account receivable turnover ratio. You divide your net credit sales by your average receivables to calculate your receivables turnover ratio.

How to improve your accounts receivable turnover ratio

Simply divide the number of days in a year by the receivables turnover ratio. For example, a company with an inventory-receivables turnover ratio of 10 would have an average collection period of 365 divided by 10, or approximately 36.5 days. This means that it takes the company an average of 36.5 days to collect money it is owed from credit sales.

  • A higher accounts receivable turnover ratio is desirable since it indicates a shorter delay between credit sales and cash received.
  • Sometimes a company may consolidate cash and credit sales together listing only total sales.
  • Tracking your accounts receivable ratios over time is crucial to your business.
  • It measures the value of a company’s sales or revenues relative to the value of its assets and indicates how efficiently a company uses its assets to generate revenue.
  • The law in your jurisdiction states that if there is no burial or cremation within two days of the date of death, the remains must be either embalmed or refrigerated.
  • However, in general, the higher the receivable turnover, the more times a company collects payment from credit purchases.

Beginning and ending accounts receivable for the same year were $3,000 and $1,000, respectively. Colgate’s accounts receivables turnover has been high at around 10x for 5-6 years.

Invoice correctly – and on time

A company may track its accounts receivable turnover ratio every 30 days or at the end of each quarter. In this manner, a company can better understand how its collection plan is faring and whether it is improving in its collections. Companies with more complex accounting information systems may be able to easily extract its average accounts receivable balance at the end of each day. The company may then take the average of these balances; however, it must be mindful of how day-to-day entries may change the average.

She has spent time working in academia and digital publishing, specifically with content related to U.S. socioeconomic history and personal finance among other topics. She leverages this background as a fact checker for The Balance to ensure that facts cited in articles are accurate and appropriately sourced. Higher turnover implies a higher frequency of converting receivables into cash. Consolidated Revenue means, for any period, the revenues of the Borrower and its Consolidated Subsidiaries for such period, determined in accordance with GAAP. Harold Averkamp has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years. FREE INVESTMENT BANKING COURSELearn the foundation of Investment banking, financial modeling, valuations and more. Gain in-demand industry knowledge and hands-on practice that will help you stand out from the competition and become a world-class financial analyst.

Accounts Receivable Turnover Formula

Similar to calculating net credit sales, the average accounts receivable balance should only cover a very specific time period. Generally, a higher receivables turnover ratio indicates that the receivables are highly liquid and are being collected promptly. A low turnover may also be caused by the entity’s own inabilities like following an inappropriate credit policy and having defects in collection process etc. Maria Company’s receivables turnover Receivables Turnover Ratio – Definition ratio is 6 times for the year 2021 which means the company on average has collected its receivables 6 times during the year. To analyze how efficient it has been in collecting its receivables during this period, the Maria can compare this ratio with its competing entities as well as with its own past years’ receivables turnover ratio. Debtors turnover ratio or accounts receivable turnover ratio indicates the velocity of debt collection of a firm.

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